Knee

Discomfort, instability and limited motion are very common problems in the knees.  Damage to ligaments is the most common culprit, but dislocations, orthopedic issues and even fractures may also be at fault.  Diagnosis is not necessarily complex and, once completed, greatly increases the chances for successful treatment.

Causes of Knee Pain
Knee pain is a common complaint that has many causes.  Determining what is the cause of your symptoms may be straightforward, or it may require special tests to make a diagnosis.  Once the cause of your knee pain has been determined, appropriate treatment can begin.

Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injury
The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is one of four ligaments that act to stabilize the knee joint.  The medial collateral ligament may be injured in isolation, or in combination with the meniscus and other ligaments within the knee.

Anterior Cruciate ligament (ACL) Injury
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of four ligaments that act to stabilize the knee joint.  The ACL may be injured in isolation, or in combination with the meniscus and other ligaments within the knee joint.  Knee buckling is a common symptom.

Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injury
Injury to the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is an uncommon knee injury.  When the PCL is injured, patients may have problems with knee instability.

Chondromalacia (Runner's Knee)
Chondromalacia patellae, also called Runner's Knee, is a common orthopedic condition that refers to softening of the articular cartilage of the kneecap.

Patellar Subluxation & Dislocation
Also called an unstable kneecap, this painful knee condition arises when the patella fails to track evenly within its groove on the femur.

Pre-Patellar Bursitis
Prepatellar bursitis, or Housemaid's Knee Syndrome, is a condition of swelling and inflammation over the front of the knee. This bursitis is commonly seen in patients such as carpet layers and gardeners, who kneel for extended periods.

Patellar Tendonitis
Patellar tendonitis, also call jumper's knee, is pain in the band of tissue that connects the kneecap to the shin bone.

Patellar and Quadriceps Tendon Rupture
The quadriceps tendon and the patellar tendon (or patellar ligament) are important components of the extensor mechanism of the knee.  Treatment of injuries to the quadriceps or patellar tendon may require surgery if the tendon is fully ruptured.