Back pain is possibly the single most common type of discomfort experienced by orthopedic patients.  The cause may reside in the muscles, vertebrae and connecting bones, nerves, or any combination of the three.  Regardless of the source, even mild back pain can degrade quality of life and could indicate serious health issues.

Lumbar Muscle Strain
A low back strain, often called a lumbar strain, is an injury to the large muscles in the low back. These injuries are very common, affecting most everyone at some point in their life. Low back strains can be painful and debilitating.

Discogenic Back Pain
Lumbar disc pain is a common cause of low back pain.  Discogenic back pain can be difficult to diagnose, and treatment can be difficult as well.  Diagnosis of discogenic back pain may require the use of a discogram.

Sciatica is caused by irritation around the sciatic nerve.  This causes pain around the hip and thigh region.  Treatments for sciatica aim to reduce the irritation of the nerve.

Herniated Disc
Normally, disks act as shock absorbers cushioning your vertebrae from each other as you move.  A herniated disk is a disk that has bulged out from its proper place and no longer cushions the vertebrae, causing pain and loss of motion.

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Facet joints tend to get larger as they degenerate.  Unfortunately, as the joint enlarges, it can place pressure on the nerves as they exit the spine, causing discomfort and loss of mobility.

Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which one spinal segment 'slips' away from another.  Spondylolisthesis is most commonly seen with degenerative (aging) changes of the spine, but there may be other causes.

Lumbar Sprain/ Strain
Pain of the lower back can also be caused by sprain or strain of the muscles of the back. This injury can be due to sports mishaps, improper or excessively heavy lifting and so on.